It would be interesting to see stats on discouraged workers who dropped off the map. Most people who talk about unemployment rates neglect the fact that discouraged workers are not counted in the labor force. So claims like “unemployment went from 8.3 to 8.1 percent,” are entirely misleading because the shrinking the total labor force and skewing the true unemployment. I wonder how many people stopped looking in Tennessee?
Any government employment is not “job creation.” It's wealth redistribution with possible return, assuming the projects aren't a total waste. Solyndra anyone? Sandherr complains that the federal government isn't redistributing subsidies for construction workers to keep their jobs. The last thing we need to be doing is spending more tax dollars on building projects that aren't demanded by the market. Creating jobs for the sake of creating jobs is extremely irresonspible.
“Education and gender also factor into unemployment rates, according to the report.” Isn't that the purpose of education? To broaden your employment opportunities? Gender factors in, because men and women make different choices with regards to employment. Ever seen a female plumber? Me neither. Women typically go into fields heavily subsidized by the government. Social work, teaching, nurses, cafeteria ladies? So it's not surprising when men have slightly higher unemployment.
If you want to create jobs, especially for minorities and other unskilled laborers, then remove minimum wage and hiring penalties.